We are pleased to provide our co-authored paper in Ain Shams Engineering Journal
Design of an Efficient Thulium-doped Fiber Amplifier for Dual-hop Earth to Satellite Optical Wireless Links
Optical wireless communication (OWC) links enable high-speed data transmission between earth stations and satellites. The propagation of optical signals through the atmosphere suffer from atmospheric attenuation and turbulence due to rain, fog, snow, clouds, and wind. The impact of these impairments on propagation of optical signals becomes more pronounced in the case of deep space links. Therefore, optical amplifiers of high output power and gain are extremely useful in deep space links to achieve error free transmission by improving the link budget. In this paper, we propose the design of an efficient Thuliumdoped fiber amplifier (TDFA) as booster as well as an in-line based on dual-stage pumping scheme for employment in a dual-hop earth to satellite OWC Link. The pumping scheme, length of Thulium-doped fiber (TDF), and Tm3+ concentration in the proposed design of TDFA are optimized in such a way so that high output power and gain are achieved for booster and in-line stages, respectively. Output power and gain of 4.6 W and 18.8 dB, respectively are achieved for signal power of 0 dBm at 1807.143 nm when TDFA is used as booster amplifier. Similarly, gain and output power of 66.6 dB and 1.5 W, respectively are achieved for signal power of -35 dBm at 1807.143 nm when TDFA is used as in-line amplifier. A noise figure (NF) of 4.4 dB is achieved for signal wavelength of 1807.143 nm and power of 0 dBm. Finally, the system level performance of the designed TDFA is investigated using bit error rate (BER) metric for a dualhop earth to satellite OWC wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) transmission system of four quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulated optical signals with an aggregate data rate of 104 Gbps. The BER results showed different possible ranges of error-free transmission at the forward error correction (FEC) limit of 10-4 for different values of atmospheric attenuation.