Home Forums GENERAL Phase Difference between signals

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• #40836
Taiwo Ambali Abiola
Participant

Hi all,

I would like to know if anyone has an idea of how to find phase difference between two optical signals. I have a design in which I need to monitor the phase difference between two optical signals over certain parameter changes. what Optical components(module) do I need to use. If the only option I have is to use a Matlab component, how do I go about it putting into considerations that I have two optical input signals now. Thanks alot

• #40846
Karan Ahuja
Spectator

Hi Taiwo.

I dont think there any such component in optisystem that would give you the phase difference between two two optical signals directly. You may use a Matlab module for doing it. Here is a Matlab code that will help you finding the difference between two optical signals. You may use it for your purpose.
clear all
% set the lag
lag = pi/2;
% amplitude for sinusodial 1
amp_x = 2;
% amplitude for sinusodial 2
amp_y = 4;
% Sampling frequency
Fs = 1024;
% Time vector of 0.5 second
t = 0:1/Fs:0.5*(Fs-1)/Fs;
% number of points
npts = length(t);
% Create a sine wave of 20 Hz.
x = amp_x * (sin(2*pi*t*20) + …
0.25*randn(1,npts)) + 5;
% Create a sine wave of 20 Hz
% with a phase of pi/2.
y = amp_y * (sin(2*pi*t*20 + lag)…
+ 0.25*randn(1,npts));
% remove bias
x = x – mean(x);
y = y – mean(y);
% plot the signal
figure(1)
plot(t,x,t,y);
xlabel(‘Time (s)’);
ylabel(‘Amplitude’);
legend(‘Signal x(t):sin(2*pi*t*20)’,…
‘Signal y(t):sin(2*pi*t*20+lag)’);
% take the FFT
X=fft(x);
Y=fft(y);
% Calculate the numberof unique points
NumUniquePts = ceil((npts+1)/2);
figure(2)
subplot(211);
f = (0:NumUniquePts-1)*Fs/npts;
plot(f,abs(X(1:NumUniquePts)));
title(‘X(f) : Magnitude response’);
ylabel(‘|X(f)|’)
subplot(212)
plot(f,abs(Y(1:NumUniquePts)));
title(‘Y(f) : Magnitude response’)
xlabel(‘Frequency (Hz)’);
ylabel(‘|Y(f)|’)
figure(3)
subplot(211)
plot(f,angle(X(1:NumUniquePts)));
title(‘X(f) : Phase response’);
subplot(212)
plot(f,angle(Y(1:NumUniquePts)));
title(‘Y(f) : Phase response’);
xlabel(‘Frequency (Hz)’);
% Determine the max value and max point.
% This is where the sinusoidal
% is located. See Figure 2.
[mag_x idx_x] = max(abs(X));
[mag_y idx_y] = max(abs(Y));
% determine the phase difference
% at the maximum point.
px = angle(X(idx_x));
py = angle(Y(idx_y));
phase_lag = py – px
% determine the amplitude scaling
amplitude_ratio = mag_y/mag_x

I hope this will help.
Thanks

+3
• #40847
Karan Ahuja
Spectator
• #40858
Taiwo Ambali Abiola
Participant

Thanks a lot Karan. I will try them now

+1