Home Forums SYSTEM MZM and LiNbO3 MZM

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    • #18673
      K. Esakki Muthu

      What is the fundamental difference between dual drive MZM and Lithium Niobate MZM(LiNbO3-MZM). whether both are same, if it is so, why there is a specific LiNbO3 MZM ? please help me

    • #18674
      Dr Rk Sethi

      The Mach Zehnder modulator is the basic building block used in optical communication links for modulation.
      It is an intensity modulator based on the interferometer principal.

      The MZ modulator are manufactured by using the different material, but presently most of the long distance high capacity optical communication systems utilize LiNbO for the same.

    • #18675
      Dr Rk Sethi

      LiNbO3 – Lithium Niobate is an electroptic material.

      Presently, the Lithium niobate modulator is the best for the external modulation of optical signal at very high data rates.(20 -40 Gbps).
      It requires Low driving voltage and having good compatibility with optical fibers

    • #18683
      K. Esakki Muthu

      Thank you, sir still I have some queries, I have gone through some papers, they have not even mentioned as LiNbO3 MZM simply mentioned as dual electrode MZM. that’s why I got confusion?

    • #18684
      Abdallah Ismail

      I think you may find MZM with single drive or two drives,In single drive both phase shift arms are connected to the same voltage and for two or dual drives,two phase shift arms are connected to different voltage source.
      I think ,the dual electrode is two voltage drive.
      Single voltage drive may be used only for phase shift but two dual drive may be for phase and amplitude modulation.
      check the help of the component in “Transmitter lib./Modulators/Optical”

    • #18703
      Heitor Galvao

      The Mach-Zehnder modulators, Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM), are external modulators Mach-Zehnder interferometer-based, which uses the principle of constructive and destructive interference between the phases of the signals that propagate by each arm of the modulator.The MZM consists of two parallel waves guides and of same length, usually manufactured by an alloy of lithium Niobate (LiNO3), which exposes properties that cause the variation of the refractive index as a function of electric field applied. Each of the waveguides is inserted inside of a pair of electrodes which allow the application of an electric field on the same.The MZMs have an important phase modulation parameter that can be printed to the modulated signal. You can obtain a free modulation chirp, which is often desired. The two arms of the modulator are controlled by the same voltage amplitude, but with opposite signs. This way, the phase term becomes null. This condition is known as control balanced or push-pull operation. And due to the possibility of working with high rates of transmission, being independent of them, with the possibility of modulate the intensity and phase of the optical field independently, the MZMs are part of most advanced optical modulation formats displayed, i.e. its use is necessary to obtain these formats of desired modulations:
      ACRZ: Alternative-chirp return-to-zero
      AMI: Alternate mark inversion
      AP: Alternate-phase
      CAPS: Combined amplitude phase shift
      C-NRZ: Chirped non-return-to-zero
      CRZ: Chirped return-to-zero
      CSRZ: Carrier-supressed return-to-zero
      DB: Duobinary
      DCs: Duobinary carrier suppressed
      DST: Dispersion-supporterd transmission
      M-ASK: Multilevel amplitude shift keying
      Pass: Phase amplitude shift keying
      PSBT: Phase-shaped binary transmission
      SSB: Single side band
      VSB Vestigial side band.

    • #18774
      Ibn Aziz

      Dear Abdallah Ismail and Heitor Galvao, u explained really very well. Nice Job.

    • #19046
      gherbi mohamed

      what about a LiNO3 MZM application for SSB transmission or SC (suppression carrier), i.e can you explain me the operating point in details (null, peak and quadrature) and their effect on the spectrum of the output of the modulator, and if i need a SSB or SC :what’s the parametres applied on the MZM to have SSB spectra or SC spectra?
      best regards

    • #27126

      Please can anyone explain the operation of LiNO3 MZM operation at null point ?
      How multiple sidebands are produced
      If there is destructive interference and transmittance is near zero (looking at the transfer curve of MZM) then how come we get signal at the output ?

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