The following is a list of scientific papers, technical journals, periodicals, and conference publications which reference the use of OptiFDTD.  These references were collected from internal sources, customer submitted papers, and scientific articles via Google Scholar – and to the best of our knowledge, make use of our OptiFDTD software package. If you locate any mistakes, please notify us immediately by contacting (Last updated on 30th June 2021).


  1. A Berry, N Anand, S Anandan and P Krishnan, “High-Performance Eight-Channel Photonic Crystal Ring Resonator–Based Optical Demultiplexer for DWDM Applications”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2021),
  2. A Garhwal, AE Arumona, K Ray, P Youplao, G Singh and …, “Microring Distributed Sensors Using Electron Cloud Generated by Four-point Probe Sagnac Interferometer” (, 2021),
  3. A Garhwal, AE Arumona, P Youplao, K Ray and P Yupapin, “Distributed MEMS Sensors using Plasmonic Antenna Array Embedded Sagnac Interferometer” (, 2021),
  4. A Garhwal, M Bunruangses, AE Arumona and …, “Integrating Metamaterial Antenna Node and LiFi for Privacy Preserving Intelligent COVID-19 Hospital Patient Management”, Cognitive … (Springer, 2021),
  5. A Muralidharan, AI Rasheed and …, “Design and Simulation of Micro-ring Resonator based Optical Comparator”, 2021 2nd International … (, 2021),
  6. A Shaikh, P Sharan, PC Srikanth and M Devi, “A novel automated framework for water impurity detection”, International Journal of … (Springer, 2021),
  7. AE Arumona, A Garhwal, M Bunruangses, K Ray and …, “Plasmonic Antenna Embedded Chalcogenide MZI Circuit for Ultra-high Density Up-and Downlink Transmission”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2021),
  8. AE Arumona, A Garhwal, P Youplao, K Ray and …, “3D Fringe Pattern Coding and Recognition Using Plasmonic Sensing Circuit”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2021),
  9. AE Arumona, A Garhwal, P Youplao and …, “Hall effect sensors using polarized electron cloud spin orientation control”, Microscopy … (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  10. AE Arumona, A Garhwal, S Punthawanunt and …, “Micro-supercapacitor characteristics using a micro-ring space-time control circuit”, Journal of … (Springer, 2021),
  11. AE Arumona, IS Amiri, S Punthawanunt, K Ray and …, “Ultra-High Capacity FSK Transmission Using Silicon Microring Embedded Gold Grating Circuits”, Silicon (Springer, 2021),
  12. AE Arumona, IS Amiri, S Punthawanunt, P Youplao and …, “Microring Plasmonic Circuit Characteristics Using Space–Time Modulation Control”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2021),
  13. AK Vyas, “Multiple rings based photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application”, Optik (Elsevier, 2021),
  14. AK Vyas, H Dhiman and KK Hiran, “Modelling of symmetrical quadrature optical ring resonator with four different topologies and performance analysis using machine learning approach”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  15. AM Baracu, CA Dirdal, AM Avram, A Dinescu, R Muller and …, “Metasurface Fabrication by Cryogenic and Bosch Deep Reactive Ion Etching”, Micromachines (, 2021),
  16. B Behera, SK Varshney and MN Mohanty, “Demonstration of a 4× 3× 10 Gbps WI-WDM Transmission Over MDM Link Using Ring-Core FMF”, Advances in Intelligent Computing … (Springer, 2021),
  17. CKA Nyamekye, SC Weibel and …, “Directional Raman scattering spectra of metal–sulfur bonds at smooth gold and silver substrates”, Journal of Raman … (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  18. DGS Rao, KSR Raju, S Swarnakar and S Kumar, “Performance analysis of optical AND gate using T-shaped waveguide”,,
  19. DH Cho, SH Hong, WJ Lee, JY Kim and YD Chung, “Colorful solar cells utilizing off-axis light diffraction via transparent nanograting structures”, Nano Energy (Elsevier, 2021),
  20. G Simone, “Propagating Surface Plasmon Polaritons Excited at the Graphene Oxide/AgAu Alloy Interface Enhance Nonlinearity”, physica status solidi (b) (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  21. GS Padukone, HU Devi and ML Rathod, “Analysis and Design of an Optical Biosensor Using Mathematical Modeling”, Innovative Design, Analysis and … (Springer, 2021),
  22. H Kumar, BK Nikhil and MN Sreerangaraju, “Design and computational analysis of photonic crystal sensor to detect acoustic signals for underwater applications using finite difference time domain algorithm”, International Journal of … (Springer, 2021),
  23. J Abhishek, P Krishnan and S Robinson, “A design for an ultrafast all-optical full subtractor based on two-dimensional photonic crystals”, Journal of Computational Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  24. JN Ansari, SC Gowre, MV Sonth, B Gadgay and …, “Photonic Nano Dielectric Crystal Cavity with Infiltrated Biosamples for Refractive Index Sensing Application”, Integrated … (Taylor & Francis, 2021),
  25. L Singh, P Pareek, GM Kumar and D Revathi, “A Microscale Numerical Analysis of Ex-OR and Ex-NOR Logic Gates by Using Single Plasmonic MZI”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2021),
  26. LEP Caballero and OPV Neto, “A Review on Photonic Crystal Logic Gates”, Journal of Integrated Circuits and Systems (, 2021),
  27. M Alonso-Orts, G Chilla, R Hötzel, E Nogales and …, “Near-UV optical cavities in Ga2O3 nanowires”, Optics … (, 2021),
  28. M Banerjee, P Debnath and A Deyasi, “Exhibiting Dispersive Characteristics at 1330 nm for Optical Pulse Propagation through 2D Kerr Nonlinear Medium”, 2021 Devices for Integrated … (, 2021),
  29. M Bunruangses, AE Arumona, P Youplao and …, “Realizing THz RFID Using Silicon Chip Space-Time Control Circuit”, Silicon (Springer, 2021),
  30. MK Omrani, H Mohammadi and H Fallah, “Ultrahigh sensitive refractive index nanosensors based on nanoshells, nanocages and nanoframes: effects of plasmon hybridization and restoring force”, Scientific reports (, 2021),
  31. MM Tharwat, A Almalki and AM Mahros, “Plasmon-Enhanced Sunlight Harvesting in Thin-Film Solar Cell by Randomly Distributed Nanoparticle Array”, Materials (, 2021),
  32. MV Sonth, G Srikanth, P Agrawal and …, “Basic Logic Gates in Two Dimensional Photonic Crystals for All Optical Device Design”, International Journal of … (, 2021),
  33. N Singh and KC Roy, “Simulation of Five-Channel De-multiplexer Using Double-Ring Resonator Photonic Crystal-Based ADF”, Proceedings of International Conference on Data … (Springer, 2021),
  34. NR Dhineshbabu and R Vettumperumal, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of CuO NPs for Photonics”, Journal of Electronic Materials (Springer, 2021),
  35. P Debbarma, S Das and BB Bhowmik, “A Study of Micro-ring Resonator-Based Optical Sensor”, Applications of Internet of Things (Springer, 2021),
  36. P Jindal and H jit Kaur, “Performance analysis of an ultra-compact power splitter based on 2D photonic crystal in the near IR range for photonic integrated circuits”, Journal of Optics (Springer, 2021),
  37. P PG, UM Roy and R Deshpande, “A novel fast switching photonic phase shifter for ka-band”, SASTech-Technical Journal of … (, 2021),
  38. R Zegadi, “Etude, conception et modélisation de capteurs à base de cristaux Photoniques pour les systèmes à régulation autonome” (, 2021),
  39. RI Sabitu, NG Khan and A Malekmohammadi, “Mode conversion based on tilted-few-mode fiber assisted by dual arc waveguide for mode-division multiplexing system”, Optik (Elsevier, 2021),
  40. S Hashimoto, Y Uenobo, R Takao and …, “Incoherent Optical Tweezers on Black Titanium”, … Applied Materials & … (ACS Publications, 2021),
  41. S Kashyap and H Kaur, “Enhancement of Light Absorption in Plasmonic Based Photodetector with Double Nanograting Structure” (, 2021),
  42. S Sahu, PK Jain, N Mudgal and …, “Glycosuria sensing based on nanometric plasmonic polaritons”, IOP Conference Series … (, 2021),
  43. S Vishalatchi and R Nagaraj, “Sensitivity Analysis of 2D Photonic Crystal based Hexoganal Ring Resonator for Cervical Cancer Detection”, 2021 8th International Conference … (, 2021),
  44. SM Mane, J Digge and B Rindhe, “Performance Analysis of Variable Optical Attenuator on Different Materials”, 2021 6th International … (, 2021),
  45. T Pustelny and M Ekielski, “Fabrication, Processing and Characterization of Thin Film ZnO for Integrated Optical Gas Sensors”,,
  46. U Biswas, JK Rakshit, J Das, GK Bharti, B Suthar and …, “Design of an ultra-compact and highly-sensitive temperature sensor using photonic crystal based single micro-ring resonator and cascaded micro-ring resonator”, Silicon (Springer, 2021),
  47. V Yesudasu, HS Pradhan and RJ Pandya, “Recent progress in surface plasmon resonance based sensors: A comprehensive review”, Heliyon (Elsevier, 2021),
  48. ZU Rehman, S Ali, M Aslam, M Idrees, AU Rehman and …, “Optical Absorption Modeling of bilayer photoanode based on Cu@ TiO2 Plasmonic Dye Sensitized Solar Cells towards Photovoltaic Applications” (, 2021),