The following is a list of scientific papers, technical journals, periodicals, and conference publications which reference the use of OptiFDTD.  These references were collected from internal sources, customer submitted papers, and scientific articles via Google Scholar – and to the best of our knowledge, make use of our OptiFDTD software package. If you locate any mistakes, please notify us immediately by contacting


  1. A Adhikary, MS Ahsan, MM Hossain and …, “Improvement of light intensity and efficiency of n-ZnO/NiO/p-GaN heterojunction-based white light emitting diodes using micro-/nanolens array”, Optical … (, 2020),
  2. A Carmona Valencia, “Insertion of random spaces in time domain for frequency hopping sequences for RF systems” (, 2020),
  3. A Garhwal, AE Arumona, K Ray and …, “Microplasma Source Circuit Using Microring Space–Time Distortion Control”, … on Plasma Science (, 2020),
  4. A Kumari, A Pal, A Singh and S Sharma, “All-optical binary to gray code converter using non-linear material based MIM waveguide”, Optik (Elsevier, 2020),
  5. A Smirnov, NW Solís Pinargote, N Peretyagin and …, “Zirconia reduced graphene oxide nano-hybrid structure fabricated by the hydrothermal reaction method”, Materials (, 2020),
  6. A Vishnubhatla, “Electromagnetic Simulation of Optical Devices”, International Conference on Communication … (, 2020),
  7. A Warren, M Alkaisi and C Moore, “Design of 2D Plasmonic Diffraction Gratings for Sensing and Super-Resolution Imaging Applications”, 2020 IEEE International … (, 2020),
  8. A Çetin, “Transmission Properties of Defect Modes with Different Defect Layer Geometries in One-Dimensional Photonic Crystals” (, 2020),
  9. AE Arumona, A Garhwal, P Youplao and …, “Electron cloud spectroscopy using micro-ring Fabry–Pérot sensor embedded gold grating”, IEEE Sensors … (, 2020),
  10. AE Arumona, IS Amiri and P Yupapin, “Plasmonic micro-antenna characteristics using gold grating embedded in a panda-ring circuit”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2020),
  11. AE Arumona, IS Amiri, S Punthawanunt, K Ray and …, “Electron density transport using microring circuit for dual-mode power transmission”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2020),
  12. AE Arumona, IS Amiri, S Punthawanunt and …, “High-density quantum bits generation using microring plasmonic antenna”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2020),
  13. AE Arumona, IS Amiri, S Punthawanunt and …, “3D‐quantum interferometer using silicon microring‐embedded gold grating circuit”, Microscopy … (Wiley Online Library, 2020),
  14. AK Vyas, “Impact Analysis of the Number of Core on Hexagonal Multicore Fibre”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2020),
  15. BN Carnio and AY Elezzabi, “An Extensive Finite-Difference Time-Domain Formalism for Second-Order Nonlinearities Based on the Faust-Henry Dispersion Model: Application to Terahertz …”, Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz … (Springer, 2020),
  16. C Liu, Y Gao, YC Gao, Y Wei, P Wu and Y Su, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber SPR sensor by metal nanoparticle”, Sensor Review (, 2020),
  17. CA Dirdal, GU Jensen, H Angelskår, PCV Thrane and …, “Towards high-throughput large-area metalens fabrication using UV-nanoimprint lithography and Bosch deep reactive ion etching”, Optics … (, 2020),
  18. CKA Nyamekye, “Directional Raman spectroscopy: A surface-sensitive tool for measuring the chemical, optical, and physical properties of adsorbates on metal surfaces” (, 2020),
  19. DGS Rao, V Palacharla, S Swarnakar and S Kumar, “Design of all-optical D flip-flop using photonic crystal waveguides for optical computing and networking”, Applied Optics (, 2020),
  20. EG Anagha and RK Jeyachitra, “A new configuration for the realization of reconfigurable and power efficient all-optical XOR and NOT gate”, 2020 7th International Conference … (, 2020),
  21. EG Anagha and RK Jeyachitra, “An investigation on the cascaded operation of photonic crystal based all optical logic gates and verification of De Morgan’s law”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2020),
  22. GN Harini, R Harshini and R Priya, “An Optimized Design of Optical Logic Gates for Photonic Integrated Circuits”, … International Conference on … (, 2020),
  23. H Li, J Wang, J Bai, S Zhang, S Zhang, Y Sun, Q Dou and …, “The structural, electronic, and optical properties of GE/SI quantum wells: Lasing at a wavelength of 1550 NM”, Nanomaterials (, 2020),
  24. HJ Patil, DS Raksha, RD Hegde and …, “Design and Analysis of Optical Sensor for Detection of Cancer Biomarkers”, 2020 IEEE … (, 2020),
  25. I Tsukerman, “Finite-Difference Time-Domain Methods for Electrodynamics”, Computational Methods for Nanoscale Applications (Springer, 2020),
  26. J Feng, M Santamouris and K Gao, “The radiative cooling efficiency of silica sphere embedded polymethylpentene (TPX) systems”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (Elsevier, 2020),
  27. JC Blake, J Nieto-Pescador, Z Li and …, “Femtosecond Luminescence Imaging for Single Nanoparticle Characterization”, The Journal of Physical … (ACS Publications, 2020),
  28. K Wei and AS Daryoush, “Self-forced silicon photonic integrated optoelectronic oscillators using high-Q filtering delay lines”, 2020 International Topical Meeting on … (, 2020),
  29. KN Mohammadi, “Design of XOR/NOT gate and power-phase comparator by gold air-gap composition in silicon wiring technology”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2020),
  30. L Wang, F Guo and K Chen, “Liquid Microdisk based High Sensitivity of Polymer Refractive Index Sensor”, … on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific … (, 2020),
  31. LR de Marcos, OB Leong, TC Asmara and …, “Nanoscale dielectric grating polarizers tuned to 4.43 eV for ultraviolet polarimetry”, Optics … (, 2020),
  32. M Bunruangses, AE Arumona, P Youplao and …, “Modeling of a superconducting sensor with microring-embedded gold-island space–time control”, Journal of … (Springer, 2020),
  33. M Ezhilmaran, J Vishnupriyan and …, “Analysis of Electromagnetic Wave with Right Handed Meta-Material”, Journal of … (, 2020),
  34. M Iqbal, D Zhao, YQ Ma and K Zhong, “Designing Optical Waveguides: Myth and Reality”, Brazilian Journal of Physics (Springer, 2020),
  35. M Moradi, V Nayyeri and OM Ramahi, “An unconditionally stable single-field finite-difference time-domain method for the solution of Maxwell equations in three dimensions”, IEEE Transactions on … (, 2020),
  36. M You, S Yi, D Xia, H Jing, H Ji, L Zhang and …, “Bio-inspired SiO 2-hard-template reconstructed gC 3 N 4 nanosheets for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution”, Catalysis Science & … (, 2020),
  37. M de Almeida Canavez, “Radomes Projetados com Anéis Ressonadores com características de Metamateriais para aplicações em Antenas de Microfita”,,
  38. MA Meerasha and K Pandiyan, “Photonic configurable logic block for digital photonic integrated circuits”, Electronics Letters (, 2020),
  39. MA Uddin, MMS Maswood, UK Dey and …, “A novel optical micro ring resonator biosensor design using lithium niobate on insulator (lnoi) to detect the concentration of glucose”, 2020 2nd Novel … (, 2020),
  40. MH Lee and YC Kim, “Optical-effect Analysis of Nanoscale Collagen Fibers”, Current Optics and Photonics (, 2020),
  41. MK Chhipa, “Low Dimensional Channel Drop Filter for CWDM Optical Communication Networks”, Available at SSRN 3554927 (, 2020),
  42. MK Omrani, H Fallah and M Hajimahmoodzadeh, “High efficiency metallic nanoshells for improving polymer solar cells performance: an opto-electrical study”, Solar Energy (Elsevier, 2020),
  43. MSS Ibrahim, M Mohammed, MKG Hamed and …, “Ultracompact tunable bifunctional XOR and XNOR photonic crystal logic gates”, Optical … (, 2020),
  44. N Das, D Chandrasekar and MM K Khan, “Light reflection loss reduction by nano-structured gratings for highly efficient next-generation GaAs solar cells”, Energies (, 2020),
  45. NH Roslan, AH Awang and MH M Yusoff, “Effect of Y-length and biasing of lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulator on insertion loss and extinction ratio”, Journal of Electrical & … (, 2020),
  46. NM Tolkach, NV Vishnyakov and …, “Optical switching in multilayer structures based on Ge2Sb2Te5”, Journal of Physics … (, 2020),
  48. P Das, TL Wu and S Tallur, “Design and analysis of high electron mobility transistor inspired: III-V electro-optic modulator topologies”, Semiconductor Science and Technology (, 2020),
  49. P Lourenço, A Fantoni, P Louro and …, “Surface plasmon resonance sensing structure”, … and Simulation of … (, 2020),
  50. P Struk, “Numerical analysis of integrated photonics structures for hemoglobin sensor application”, Photonics Letters of Poland (, 2020),
  51. PG Praveena, UM Roy and R Deshpande, “A Novel Fast Switching Photonic Phase Shifter for Ka-Band”,,
  52. PV Dugue, M El Gibari, K Heggarty and …, “In depth study of optical behavior of a novel leaky waveguide deflector”, 2020 28th … (, 2020),
  53. R Keshavarzi, N Molabahrami, N Afzali and …, “Improving efficiency and stability of carbon‐based perovskite solar cells by a multifunctional triple‐layer system: antireflective, uv‐protective, superhydrophobic, and …”, Solar RRL (Wiley Online Library, 2020),
  54. R Tomescu, C Kusko, D Cristea, R Calinoiu and …, “Nano-pillars metasurface modelled for perfect absorption at specific wavelengths in infrared spectral regime”, Solid State Electronics … (Elsevier, 2020),
  55. RI Sabitu and A Malekmohammadi, “All-fiber mode converter based on LP11 coupled-mode for mode division multiplexing systems”, Optics & Laser Technology (Elsevier, 2020),
  56. RK Meena, H Joshi and K Sharma, “Design of a Near Zero Ultraflatten Dispersion Photonic Crystal Fiber for Communication System”, … Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (,
  57. RK Sharma, S Sharma, R Gupta and P Dash, “Design and Analysis of Elliptical Core Spiral Silica Photonic Crystal Fiber with Improved Optical Characteristics”, ICCCE 2019 (Springer, 2020),
  58. RR Reddy, PV Kumar, GND Prasad, SD Sharma and …, “DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALL OPTICAL PHOTONIC AND, NOR, NAND AND XNOR” (, 2020),
  59. S Geerthana and S Syedakbar, “Design and optimization of Y-Junction and T-Junction splitters using photonic crystal”, Materials Today: Proceedings (Elsevier, 2020),
  60. S Komoto, T Nagai, R Takao, K Ushiro and …, “Optical trapping of polystyrene nanoparticles on black silicon: implications for trapping and studying bacteria and viruses”, ACS Applied Nano … (ACS Publications, 2020),
  61. S Kulkarni, N Khan, P Sharan and …, “Bacterial Analysis of Drinking Water using Photonic Crystal based Optical Sensor”, 2020 7th International … (, 2020),
  62. S Ray, A Mondal and U Gangopadhyay, “Fabrication of low cost nano-grass n-type C-Si solar cell with sol–gel Al 2 O 3 passivation”, SN Applied Sciences (Springer, 2020),
  63. S Samanta, P Banerji and P Ganguly, “Conclusions and Future Scope of Work”, Photonic Waveguide Components on … (Springer, 2020),
  64. S Samanta, P Banerji and P Ganguly, “Design and Development of Polarization-Independent Power Splitter Using Coupled Silicon Waveguides”, Photonic Waveguide Components on … (Springer, 2020),
  65. S Samanta, P Banerji and P Ganguly, “Design and Development of Some SU-8 Wire Waveguide Structures”, Photonic Waveguide Components on … (Springer, 2020),
  66. S Sharma, L Tharani and RK Sharma, “Designing a Nonlinear Tri Core Photonic Crystal Fiber for Minimizing Dispersion and Analyzing it in Various Sensing Applications”, International Conference on Artificial … (Springer, 2020)
  67. S Sharma, L Tharani and RK Sharma, “Designing a Nonlinear TriCore Photonic Crystal Fiber for Minimizing Dispersion”, International Conference on … (, 2020),
  68. S Simsek, S Palaz, H Koc, AM Mamedov and E Ozbay, “Complete photonic band gaps in Sn2P2X6 (X = S, Se) supercell photonic crystals”, Ferroelectrics (Taylor & Francis, 2020),
  69. SN Sanusidin, MI Md Ali and …, “Transverse scattering characterization of refractive index sensor in tapered and untapered Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF)”, Journal of Electrical & … (, 2020),
  70. SS Ajey, HR Bhanumathi, PC Srikanth and …, “Highly sensitive photonic crystal based biosensor for Bacillus cereus”, International Journal of … (Springer, 2020),
  71. T Kumar, M Sharma and BS Solanki, “New Designs and Analysis of Multi-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber Using Ellipse with Different Radiuses and Angles”, International Conference on Artificial … (Springer, 2020)
  72. T Kumar, M Sharma and BS Solanki, “New Designs and Analysis of Multi-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber Using Ellipse”, International Conference on … (, 2020),
  73. T Sridarshini, SI Gandhi and VNJU Firthouse, “Compact 4-bit all optical digital to analog converter based on photonic crystal ring resonators”, Laser Physics (, 2020),
  74. V Jašinskas, “Charge carrier generation and motion in single wall carbon nanotube/fullerene derivative films” (, 2020),
  75. VL Nandhini, KS Babu, A Sharan and …, “Detection of Vitiligo using Waveguide Resonator based on Optical Sensor”, 2020 7th International … (, 2020),
  76. X Liu, Q Chang, M Yan, X Wang, H Zhang and …, “Scalable spectrally selective mid-infrared meta-absorbers for advanced radiative thermal engineering”, Physical Chemistry … (, 2020),
  77. Y Sharma, R Zafar, S Kalra and G Singh, “Toluene–filled photonic crystal fiber with flat dispersion”, Materials Today: Proceedings (Elsevier, 2020),
  78. YE Monfared, “Refractive index sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation in a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber coated by titanium nitride”, Plasmonics (Springer, 2020),
  79. YT Lin, G Kumar and FC Chen, “Interfacial plasmonic effects of gold nanoparticle-decorated graphene oxides on the performance of perovskite photovoltaic devices”, Solar Energy (Elsevier, 2020),
  80. АВ Савкина, СА Федосин, НВ Макарова and …, “Современные технологии моделирования оптических систем”, Образовательные … (, 2020),
  81. 송찬경, “Development of Au or Pt supported TiO2 photocatalytic materials in the morphological, crystal phase, and band bending aspects” (, 2020),