The following is a list of scientific papers, technical journals, periodicals, theses, and conference publications which reference the use of OptiSystem.  These references were collected from internal sources, customer submitted papers, and scientific articles via Google Scholar – and to the best of our knowledge, make use of our OptiSystem software package. If you locate any mistakes, please notify us immediately by contacting (Last updated on 30th June 2021)


  1. A Abdulelah, “Performance Enhancement In WDM–FSO System Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier Under Different Rain Conditions”, Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics … (, 2021),
  2. A Albuquerque, RQ Shaddad and AB Mohammad, “Demonstration and Performance Analysis of ROF Based OFDM-PON System for Next-Generation Faber Optic Communication.”,,
  3. A Chandrasenan and J Zacharias, “Design and analysis of full duplex RoF system with efficient phase noise cancellation from a coherent RoF system”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  4. A Cherifi, BS Bouazza, SA Aljunid and …, “Development and performance improvement of a new two-dimensional spectral/spatial code using the pascal triangle rule for OCDMA system”, Journal of Optical … (, 2021),
  5. A Fayad, Q Alqhazaly and T Cinkler, “Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexing Passive Optical Network Comparative Analysis: Modulation Formats and Channel Spacings”, International Journal of … (, 2021),
  6. A Garadi and G Mebarki, “New encoding/decoding design of SAC-OCDMA system with fixed correlation zone code”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  7. A Ghazi, SA Aljunid, SZS Idrus, A Fareed and …, “Design of a Hybrid WDMA-Optical-CDMA over Multi-Mode Fiber Transmission System based on LG Modes for Short Haul-Local Area Network”, Journal of Physics … (, 2021),
  8. A Ghazi, SA Aljunid, SZS Idrus, R Endut and …, “Hybrid WDM and Optical-CDMA over Multi-Mode Fiber Transmission System based on Optical Vortex”, Journal of Physics … (, 2021),
  9. A Grover and A Sheetal, “Performance Investigation of 4× 20 Gbit/S-40 GHz MDM-OFDM-FSO System Under Weather Conditions”, Computer Networks and Inventive Communication … (Springer, 2021),
  10. A Hambali and B Pamukti, “Analisis Performansi Pengaruh Turbulensi Dalam Sistem Komunikasi Nirkabel Optik Bawah Air”, eProceedings … (…, 2021),
  11. A Khalid, AJ Aljohani and S Ghafoor, “A novel wideband radio frequency measurement based on photonic signal processing”, Microwave and Optical … (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  12. A Khansali, MK Arti, SK Dana and M Kumar, “Modified AMI modulation scheme for high-speed bandwidth efficient optical transmission systems”, International Conference on … (Springer, 2021),
  13. A Kharbouche, Z Madini and …, “Analysis of realistic DS-OCDMA/VLC for V2X communication using optisystem”, 2021 7th International … (, 2021),
  14. A Kumar and G Qazi, “A Comparative Study of SPM, XPM in Er-Yb Co-doped Fiber” (, 2021),
  15. A Kumari, A Kumar and A Gautam, “Photonic generation and theoretical investigation of phase noise in quadrupling and 12-tupling millimeter wave Signal using optical self-heterodyne system”, Optik (Elsevier, 2021),
  16. A Lubana, S Kaur and Y Malhotra, “Performance Investigation and Comparison of C-band E+ R+ E and R+ E HOAs for Ultra-dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems”, 2021 8th International … (, 2021),
  17. A Lubana, S Kaur and Y Malhotra, “Er–Yb Co-doped Fibre Amplifier Performance Enhancement for Super-Dense WDM Applications”, International Conference on Innovative … (Springer, 2021),
  18. A Masih and SR Meena, “Performance analysis of Channel Equalization Algorithms for Optical Communication Networks”, Journal of Huazhong University of Science and … (,
  19. A Nabeyama and H Yashima, “All-optical switchable logic gate using a single QD-SOA for RZ-BPSK signal inputs”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  20. A Pangestu, “Implementasi jaringan lokal akses fiber optik layanan data 3p berbasis teknologi GPON area Telkom Jakarta Barat”, SKRIPSI-2020 (, 2021),
  21. A Shaikh, P Sharan, PC Srikanth and M Devi, “A novel automated framework for water impurity detection”, International Journal of … (Springer, 2021),
  22. A Sharma, J Malhotra, S Chaudhary and V Thappa, “Analysis of 2× 10 Gbps MDM enabled inter satellite optical wireless communication under the impact of pointing errors”, Optik (Elsevier, 2021),
  23. A Sharma, S Kaur and S Chaudhary, “Performance analysis of 320 Gbps DWDM—FSO System under the effect of different atmospheric conditions”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  24. A Thakur, A Gupta, H Singh, S Bakshi, R Goyal and …, “Performance evaluation of SS-FSO communication system incorporating different line coding”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2021),
  25. A Tripathi, S Gupta and A Mandloi, “Performance of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based 60-GHz transmission over turbulent free-space optical link”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  26. AA Abdullah and NR Obeid, “Efficient Implementation for PRINCE Algorithm in FPGA Based on the BB84 Protocol”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series (, 2021),
  27. AA Almukhtar, AK Abass and MH Ali, “Optimization and Performance Evaluation of C+ L Band Wavelength Division Multiplexing Based on Free Space Optical Communication”, Journal of Physics: Conference … (, 2021),
  28. AB Dar, F Ahmad and RK Jha, “Filterless optical millimeter-wave generation using cascaded-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulators with tunable frequency multiplication factor”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  29. ACS Junior, LAM Pereira, PHF Santos and …, “Sistema Rádio sobre Fibra assistido por Inteligência Artificial para aplicações 5G/6G/Artificial Intelligence-assisted Radio over Fiber System for 5G/6G applications”, Brazilian Journal of … (, 2021),
  30. AF Sayed, FM Mustafa, AAM Khalaf and MH Aly, “Symmetrical and post dispersion compensation in WDM optical communication systems”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2021),
  31. AH Ali, S Mutashar and AM Hammadi, “grating at 15 Gbits/s”, Indonesian Journal of … (, 2021),
  32. AK Garg, V Janyani, B Batagelj, NHZ Abidin and …, “Hybrid FSO/fiber optic link based reliable & energy efficient WDM optical network architecture”, Optical Fiber … (Elsevier, 2021),
  33. AK RAO and DRH SINGH, “Analysis of range of the signal under different atmospheric conditions in FSO communication”,,
  34. AKMSJ Choyon and R Chowdhury, “Nonlinearity compensation and link margin analysis of 112-Gbps circular-polarization division multiplexed fiber optic communication system using a digital coherent …”, Journal of Optics (Springer, 2021),
  35. AKMSJ Choyon and R Chowdhury, “Design of 16× 40 Gbps hybrid PDM-WDM FSO communication system and its performance comparison with the traditional model under diverse weather conditions of …”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  36. AM Al-Hetar and AA Abdulgabar, “10 Gbps MMW UFMC-Based Backhaul with FiWi Access Network”, Advances on Smart and Soft Computing (Springer, 2021),
  37. AM MM and AN Mohammed, “Design and Implementation of 200 G Passive Optical Network”, Informatica … (…, 2021),
  38. AR Wadeyar, AI Rasheed and …, “Design and Simulation of Optical Fiber Communication Link by Ethernet Protocol using FPGA”, 2021 2nd International … (, 2021),
  39. B Armel, E Dikoundou and K Same, “Optimization of Hybrid Optical Amplifiers (Raman-EDFA) with a Standard Fiber (SMF) and a maximum pump power of 200mw in access networks: WDM-PON”, American Journal of Computing … (, 2021),
  40. B Behera, SK Varshney and MN Mohanty, “Demonstration of a 4× 3× 10 Gbps WI-WDM Transmission Over MDM Link Using Ring-Core FMF”, Advances in Intelligent Computing … (Springer, 2021),
  41. B Das, M Khan, MM Shaikh and …, “Phase Sensing Technology Based Optical Signal Regeneration for 40 Gb/s Optical System.”, Wireless Personal … (, 2021),
  42. B Jakšić, P Spalević, D Bandjur and S Panić, “Average Bit Error Rate at Signal Transmission with OOK Modulation Scheme in Different FSO Channels”, Tehnički vjesnik (, 2021),
  43. BJ Hamza, WK Saad, I Shayea, N Ahmad and …, “Performance Enhancement of SCM/WDM-RoF-XGPON System for Bidirectional Transmission With Square Root Module”, IEEE … (, 2021),
  44. C KHERICI, “Etude comparative des différentes méthodes de multiplexage optique pour les télécommunications” (, 2021),
  45. C Wang, T Ning, J Li, L Pei, J Zheng, C Xie and …, “Optical single sideband modulation with tunable optical carrier-to-sideband ratio using DP-BPSK modulator”, Optics & Laser … (Elsevier, 2021),
  46. C Wang, T Ning, J Li, L Pei, J Zheng, Y Li and …, “Photonic generation of frequency-quadrupled triangular waveform based on a DP-QPSK modulator with tunable modulation index”, Optics & Laser … (Elsevier, 2021),
  47. C Xiong, Y Li and N Long, “Simulation of WDM-ROF-PON selective access link system based on hybrid modulation of MZM and OFM”, Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems (, 2021),
  48. CK Singh, R Bhatia and A Raghuvanshi, “Generation and transmission of 60-GHz mmWave emitted by VCSEL, DFB–EAM over RoF”, International Journal of Information … (Springer, 2021),
  49. CLMP Plazas, AM de Souza, DR Celino and …, “Optimization of arrayed waveguide grating‐filtering response for efficient analog radio‐over‐fiber fronthaul over a wavelength‐division multiplexing passive optical …”, Transactions on … (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  50. CM Freitas, “Sistema de transmissão de dados através de comunicação por luz visível utilizando receptor fotovoltaico” (, 2021),
  51. D Dhadhal, R Thummar and V Mishra, “Simulative analysis of 32×40 DWDM systems for return to zero modulation schemes using variation in channel spacing”, Journal of Physics … (, 2021),
  52. D Jain and B Iyer, “Design and analysis of high‐speed four‐channel WDM Radio over Fiber system for Millimeter-wave applications”, International Journal of System Assurance Engineering … (Springer, 2021),
  53. D Kakati, M Minz and RK Sonkar, “Performance analysis of grating-assisted passive mode-division multiplexing device using silicon photonics for high-speed RoF/RoFSO communication”, Optical Engineering (, 2021),
  54. D Kamissoko, “Characterization of OFDM Based Free Space Optical (FSO) Transmission System Under Heavy Rain Weather”, Edge Computing and IoT: Systems, Management … (, 2021),
  55. D Mishra and RK Sonkar, “Analysis of a SiGe Mach–Zehnder modulator for 400G data communication”, Applied Optics (, 2021),
  56. D Qin, Y Wang and T Zhou, “Performance Analysis of Hybrid Radio Frequency and Free Space Optical Communication Networks with Cooperative Spectrum Sharing”, Photonics (, 2021),
  57. D Sharma, C Singh and R Kaur, “Multi-input single-output (MISO) all optical logic (ALG) AND/NOR gate using FWM in dispersion compensation fibers in Mach-Zehnder configuration (DCF-MZI)”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  59. DK Patel and AS Mandloi, “Data reliability enhancement using RS coded DP-16-QAM based FSO system under different weather conditions”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  60. DS Jain and B Iyer, “Performance Analysis of the Two-Channel WDMRoF System For Various Attenuation Levels”, 2021 International Conference on Computing … (, 2021),
  61. DT Tran and NT Bui, “Improvements on the performance of subcarrier multiplexing/wavelength division multiplexing based radio over fiber system”, International Journal of Electrical and Computer … (, 2021),
  62. E AURELLIA, “Analisis Penggunaan Google Earth dan Opti System Dalam Perencanaan Pelayanan Fiber to the Home di Perumahan Binong 1 Residence Tangerang” (, 2021),
  63. E Caroline, M Michael and S Christiana, “Design and performance analysis of SOA-MZI-based Tbps all-optical gray converters with M-ary DPSK coded binary, gray, and octal inputs”, Optical Engineering (, 2021),
  64. E de Andrade Barboza, AAB da Silva and …, “Optical amplifier response estimation considering non-flat input signals characterization based on artificial neural networks”, Journal of Lightwave … (, 2021),
  65. EE Elsayed, “Design and Analysis of 1.28 Terabit/s DWDM Transmission System for Free Space Optical Communication” (, 2021),
  66. EE Elsayed, “Performance evaluation and analysis of four waves mixing in DWDM optical communications” (, 2021),
  67. EE Elsayed, “Modified OOK in DWDM-FSO Systems Under Atmospheric Turbulence Channel and Interchannel Crosstalk” (, 2021),
  68. EE Elsayed, “Design and performance enhancement of a dense wavelength division multiplexing MIMO-FSO systems using DPPM and OOK modulation” (, 2021),
  70. F Ali, F Muhammad, U Habib, Y Khan and …, “Modeling and minimization of FWM effects in DWDM-based long-haul optical communication systems”, Photonic Network … (Springer, 2021),
  71. F Ali, M Shakeel, A Ali, W Shah, MS Qamar and …, “Probing of nonlinear impairments in long range optical transmission systems”, Journal of Optical … (, 2021),
  72. F Ghiffari, “Pengukuran dan Analisis Jaringan FTTH (Fiber To The Home) pada Cluster Banyaksumba di Kota Baru Parahyangan oleh PT. Akses Nusa Karya Infratek” (, 2021),
  73. F Muhammad, F Ali, G Abbas, ZH Abbas, S Haider and …, “Palliation of Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers Using Improved DSP Receiver”, Electronics (, 2021),
  74. F Muhammad, F Ali, G Abbas, ZH Abbas, S Haider and …, “Palliation of Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers Using Improved DSP Receiver. Electronics 2021, 10, 611” (, 2021),
  76. F Zhang, H Zhang, P Zhang, Y Qi and W Li, “Optical domain despreading method of optical time-domain reflectometer using spread spectrum technology”, Optical Engineering (, 2021),
  77. FB de Sousa, FM de Sousa, IRS Miranda and …, “Radio-over-Fiber Dual-Parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator system for photonic generation of Millimeter-Wave signals through two stages”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2021),
  78. FI Oluwajobi, DN Nguyen and A Malekmohammadi, “Combining modified Manchester modulation with optical equalization for improved dispersion tolerance in IM/DD access networks”, Physical Communication (Elsevier, 2021),
  79. G Brunetti, G Marocco, MN Armenise and …, “High performance chirped microwave generator for space applications”, … Conference on Space … (, 2021),
  80. G Fu, J Cao, W Li, Z Zhang, X Fu, W Jin and W Bi, “A novel positioning and temperature measurement method based on optical domain demodulation in the BOTDR system”, Optics Communications (Elsevier, 2021),
  81. G Pandey, A Choudhary and A Dixit, “Wavelength division multiplexed radio over fiber links for 5G fronthaul networks”, IEEE Journal on Selected … (, 2021),
  82. G Sharma, “Comparative Analysis of DCF based Dispersion Compensation Techniques in Optical Fiber Communication Link using Different Input Transmitter Conditions at 10 …”, Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics … (, 2021),
  83. G Singh and ER Dewan, “Performance Analysis of MDM Ro-FSO System under Atmospheric Turbulences”,,
  84. G Wang, S Zhao, Z Zhu, X Li, T Lin and …, “Photonic generation of microwave hybrid frequency/phase shift keying signals based on a parallel structure”, Seventh Symposium on … (, 2021),
  85. H Arora and V Sharma, “Performance comparison of code division multiple access and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing over turbulent effected free space optics link under the …”, Journal of Optical Communications (, 2021),
  86. H Duplus-Bottin, M Spichty, G Triqueneaux, C Place and …, “A single-chain and fast-responding light-inducible Cre recombinase as a novel optogenetic switch”, Elife (, 2021),
  88. H Jusuf, “Penelitian Stimulus dengan judul: Perencanaan Jaringan Komunikasi Serat Optik di Pulau Madura Untuk Mendukung Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh”,,
  89. H Qingchun, C Kaida and X Jing, “Modeling of detection techniques for FMCW lidar using OptiSystem”, Journal of Physics: Conference … (, 2021),
  90. H Sarangal, A Singh, J Malhotra and SS Thapar, “Performance Investigation of PM-ZCC Code in Hybrid SAC-OCDMA System through Inter-Satellite OWC Channel”, Wireless Personal … (Springer, 2021),
  91. H Sarangal, KS Nisar, SS Thapar, A Singh and …, “Performance evaluation of 120 GB/s hybrid FSO-SACOCDMA-MDM system using newly designed ITM-Zero cross-correlation code”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2021),
  92. H Singh and N Mittal, “Analyzing the Impact of Fog and Atmospheric Turbulence on the Deployment of Free-Space Optical Communication Links in India”, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering (Springer, 2021),
  93. H Singh and N Mittal, “Performance analysis of free space optical communication system under rain weather conditions: a case study for inland and coastal locations of India”, Optical and Quantum Electronics (Springer, 2021),
  94. H Singh and R Dewan, “Pulse Width Reduction Efficiency of Different Modules in Dense WDM Systems”, Journal homepage: www. ijrpr. com ISSN (,
  95. H Zhao and J Ma, “Filter-free photonic microwave waveforms generation based on polarization-sensitive Mach–Zehnder modulator”, Photonic Network Communications (Springer, 2021),
  96. H Zhou, C Fei, Y Zeng, Y Tan and M Chen, “A ROF system based on 18-tuple frequency millimeter wave generation using external modulator and SOA”, Optical Fiber Technology (Elsevier, 2021),
  97. HA Fadhil, S RAAD and W Al-Imitiz, “High Altitude Platform Free Space Optics System Using Various Filtering Operations For Fifth Generation System” (, 2021),
  98. HC Cherutoi, DW Waswa, KM Muguro and …, “Analysis of CSRZ and CSNRZ coding for DQPSK and OQPSK transmitter configurations for optical microwave generation signals based on stimulated brillouin …”, World Scientific … (, 2021),
  99. HI Abdow and AK Mandpura, “Performance Study of Free Space Optical System Under Varied Atmospheric Conditions”, Computer Networks, Big Data and IoT (Springer, 2021),
  100. HJ Kbashi, V Sharma and S Sergeyev, “Dual-wavelength fiber-laser-based transmission of millimeter waves for 5G-supported Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) links”, Optical Fiber Technology (Elsevier, 2021),
  101. HJ Kbashi, V Sharma and S Sergeyev, “Phase-stable millimeter-wave generation using switchable dual-wavelength fiber laser”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering (Elsevier, 2021),
  102. HM El-Hageen, AM Alatwi and ANZ Rashed, “Advanced modulation coding schemes for an optical transceiver systems–based OWC communication channel model”, Bulletin of Electrical Engineering … (, 2021),
  103. HT Baby and BR Sujatha, “Optical Chaos KEY generator for Cryptosystems”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series (, 2021),
  104. I Bogachkov, N Gorlov and E Kitova, “Distributed fiber-optic sensors based on principle of stimulated brillouin scattering” (, 2021),
  105. I Chatti, F Baklouti, F Chekir and R Attia, “Nonlinearities effects on optical MIMO systems”, Optical Review (Springer, 2021),
  106. I Hacene and F Karim, “Design of a novel passive optical line protection for fiber to the home networks”, Opto-Electronics Review (, 2021),
  107. IA Alshimaysawe, HF Abdulsada and …, “Comparison of Several Data Representations for a Single-Channel Optic System with 10 Gbps Bit Rate”, Research in Intelligent … (Springer, 2021),
  108. IA Ibrahim and TS Mansour, “Walsh Hadamard Code and Wavelength Division Multiplexing Designed and Implemented Using Array FBGs”, IOP Conference Series: Materials … (, 2021),
  109. IM León Albiño, “Estudio y simulación de una PAM-4 PON basada en el entrelazado de bits de dos señales NRZ” (, 2021),
  111. IS Bristy and MN Uddin, “Optimization and Performance Analysis of 32 Channel 60 Gbps Hybrid Mono Stage MZM based WDM PON covering 120 km Transmission Distance”, 2021 2nd International Conference on … (, 2021),
  112. J Dąbrowski and J Łaziński, “Zastosowanie programu OptiSystem w modelowaniu oraz prezentacji właściwości układów i systemów światłowodowych”, Przegląd Elektrotechniczny (, 2021),
  113. J Jindal, A Kumar and R Kumar, “Evaluation and Analysis of Different Spectrum Slicing Techniques in Free Space Optical Systems”, IOP Conference Series: Materials … (, 2021),
  114. J Karthika, M Rajkumar and S Narendiran, “Performance enhancement of hybrid SCM/WDM system using ANN-trained Raman amplifier”, Materials Today: Proceedings (Elsevier, 2021),
  115. J Lv, N Fang, C Wang and L Wang, “Location method of Sagnac distributed optical fiber sensing system based on CNNs ensemble learning”, Optics & Laser Technology (Elsevier, 2021),
  116. J Mirza, A Atieh, AJ Aljohani and S Ghafoor, “Design and optimization of a microwave photonic filter exploiting differential mode group delay of a multi-mode fiber”, Optical Review (Springer, 2021),
  117. J Mirza, A Raza, A Atieh, S Iqbal and …, “Self restorable intra data center interconnect based on multimode fiber and free-space optics”, Optical … (, 2021),
  118. J Mirza, B Kanwal, WA Imtiaz and A Atieh, “Single mode fiber-free space optic based hybrid 32 × 2 Gbps WDM-PON architecture employing optical frequency comb …”, Optical Review (Springer, 2021),
  119. J Mirza, S Ghafoor, K Siddiqi and B Kanwal, “Performance Analysis of Fiber Nonlinearity Based Optical 2R-regenerators”, Wireless Personal … (Springer, 2021),
  120. J Mirza, W Imtiaz and SA Ghafoor, “Integrating Ultra-Wideband and Free Space Optical Communication for Realizing a Secure and High Throughput Body Area Network Architecture Based on …” (, 2021),
  121. J Mirza, WA Imtiaz, AJ Aljohani and S Ghafoor, “A high bit rate free space optics based ring topology having carrier‐less nodes”, IET Communications (, 2021),
  122. J Peña Minga, “Diseño de una red de banda ancha inalámbrica para los anexos del distrito de Puquina departamento de Moquegua” (, 2021),
  123. J Shanthini, “Analytical Solution of FSO-Mimo System Peformance Using DWDM Optical Communication”, Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics … (, 2021),
  124. J TODOROVIĆ, B JAKŠIĆ and …, “Average Bit Error Rate at Signal Transmission with OOK Modulation Scheme in Different FSO Channels.”, Tehnicki vjesnik … (, 2021),
  125. J Wang, Y Du, C Liang, Z Li and J Fang, “Performance Evaluation of Highly Nonlinear Fiber (HNLF) Based Optical Phase Conjugation (OPC) in Long Haul Transmission of 640 Gbps 16-QAM CO-OFDM”, Photonics (, 2021),
  126. J Yuan, “An improved frequency-quadrupling triangular waveform generation based on external modulation and polarization control”, Results in Physics (Elsevier, 2021),
  127. J Yuan, J Su and Z Li, “A Photonic-Assisted Generation of Triangular Waveform With Frequency Octupling” (, 2021),
  128. J Zhang, J Wo, A Wang, X Luo, S Du and …, “SFDR improvement of a phase-modulated analog photonic link”, Seventh … (, 2021),
  129. J Zhang, X Jing, Z Li and Q Huang, “Research on Coherent Light detection Method Based on Phase Control of Fiber Delay Line”, Journal of Physics: Conference … (, 2021),
  130. JA Arias-Arias, “Análisis de un enlace de comunicaciones ópticas inalámbricas en espacio libre para medir tasa de error de bits, calidad y potencia de la señal desde la universitaria …” (, 2021),
  131. JD Gadze, R Akwafo, KAP Agyekum and KAB Opare, “A 100 Gbps OFDM-Based 28 GHz Millimeter-Wave Radio over Fiber Fronthaul System for 5G”, Optics (, 2021),
  132. JM de Oliveira, FB de Sousa and …, “Demonstration of all-optical NOT logic gate at bit rate 20Gbps based on SOA-MI with optimum injection current”, Brazilian Journal of … (, 2021),
  133. JS Ojo and FO Dare, “Analysis and impact of digital modulation techniques on LTE over fibre for 5G systems applications.”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series (, 2021),
  134. K Bhuvaneshwari and BE Caroline, “Advanced PIC Technologies and Recent Simulation Tools: A Survey”, Journal of Physics: Conference … (, 2021),
  135. K Damodara, T Kaushik, S Kaur and N Nair, “All-Optical Priority Encoder Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier Architecture”, Proceedings of International Conference … (Springer),
  137. K Singh and K Malik, “Investigation of Free Space Optical Transmission System for Various Bands of Wavelength in Clear Weather Condition”, Soft Computing for Intelligent Systems (Springer, 2021),
  138. K Sujatmoko and DM Saputri, “Perancangan Dan Analisis Sistem Komunikasi Free Space Optic Pada Telkom University Dan Pt Telkomsel Regional Jawa Barat”, eProceedings … (…, 2021),
  139. K Thandapani, M Gopalswamy and …, “Performance analysis of WDM free space optics transmission system using MIMO technique under various atmospheric conditions”, Journal of Optical … (, 2021),
  140. K Venkatesan, A Chandrasekar and …, “Supervised regression modelling for mitigation of four-wave mixing in dense wavelength-division multiplexing systems.”, Ukrainian Journal of … (, 2021),
  141. KS Chen, J Wang, Z Liang and J Liu, “Performance Evaluations of Digital Modulation on Optical Carriers of Spectral-Amplitude-Coding over Radio-over-Fiber Network”, 2021 4th International … (, 2021),
  142. KS MAYER, JA SOARES and DS ARANTES, “A Nonlinear Concurrent Butterfly Equalizer.”, Radioengineering (, 2021),
  143. KS Nisar, HY Ahmed, M Zeghid, WA Imtiaz and …, “The multi-service schemes for SAC-OCDMA systems with variable code weight”, Optical and Quantum … (Springer, 2021),
  144. L Wu, X Xu, J Feng and K Huang, “Designing a high-speed light emitting diode driver circuit for visible light communications”, International Journal of … (, 2021),
  145. L Yang, F Zhu, B Hou, Q Zhang, Y Luo, X Liu and …, “Multichannel Wireless Signal and Power Transmission by Radio over Fiber”, 2021 9th International … (, 2021),
  146. L Yang, Q Zhang, Y Wang, Y Luo and …, “Hybrid Optical and Wireless System Using RoF-PON Based on OCS Modulation”, 2021 9th International … (, 2021),
  147. L Yang, X Liu, F Jiang, Q Zhang, Y Luo, F Zhu and …, “Performance Analysis of Hybrid VLC and PLC system”, 2021 9th International … (, 2021),
  148. L Zhang, J Wang, L Huang, H Zhang and N Xu, “Average BER Analysis of Free-Space Optical Communications with Adaptive Threshold Technique over Exponentiated Weibull Distribution”, Progress In Electromagnetics … (, 2021),
  149. LA Romero León and JF Vera Sánchez, ““Diseño de red de fibra óptica para la empresa “grupo internet para todos” basada en tecnología OTN-DWDM para proveer internet en la Ciudadela “Valle Verde” …” (, 2021),
  150. LZH Mohammed, “The Effect of the Fiber Bragg Grating model & Index modulation on the Spectral Characteristics of Fiber Bragg Grating” (, 2021),
  151. M AKSOY and NN ÇIKAN, “Renksiz Kaynağın Pasif Optik Ağ Sisteminde Veri Silme Analizi”, Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi … (,
  152. M Ahmed, Y Al-Hadeethi and G Alghamdi, “Influence of Fiber Properties on Harmonic and Intermodulation Distortions of Semiconductor Lasers”, Journal of Engineering … (, 2021),
  153. M Alayedi, A Cherifi, AF Hamida, BS Bouazza and …, “Performance Improvement of Optical Multiple Access CDMA Network Using a New Three-Dimensional (Spectral/Time/Spatial) Code”, Wireless Personal … (Springer, 2021),
  154. M Ayiad, E Maggioli, H Leite and H Martins, “Communication Requirements for a Hybrid VSC Based HVDC/AC Transmission Networks State Estimation”, Energies (, 2021),
  155. M Baskaran, S Sevagan and V MK, “Photonic Generation of Triangular Shaped Microwave Pulses Using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS)” (, 2021),
  156. M Faheem, IK Verma, P Nag, S Goswami and …, “Performance Analysis of Indoor Visible Light Communication System Using NRZ-OOK Modulation Technique”, Advances in Smart … (Springer, 2021),
  157. M Gautam and S Sahu, “Performance Analysis of Digital Modulation Formats in FSO”, … , Deep Learning and Computational Intelligence for … (Springer, 2021),
  158. M Gautam and S Sahu, “Investigation of DPSK and OQPSK Techniques for FSO Communication Systems”, 2021 International Conference on … (, 2021),
  160. M Irfan, F Ali, F Muhammad, AS Alwadie, A Glowacz and …, “An optimal framework for WDM systems using analytical characterization of refractive index-related nonlinear impairments”, Electronics (, 2021),
  161. M Kumari, A Sheetal and R Sharma, “Performance Analysis of a Full-Duplex TWDM-PON Using OFDM Modulation with Red LED Visible Light Communication System”, Wireless Personal Communications (Springer, 2021),
  162. M Kumari, R Sharma and A Sheetal, “A hybrid next-generation passive optical network and visible light communication for future hospital applications”, Optik (Elsevier, 2021),
  163. M Kumari, R Sharma and A Sheetal, “Performance analysis of l ong‐reach 40/40 Gbps mode division multiplexing‐based hybrid time and wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network/free …”, Transactions on Emerging … (Wiley Online Library, 2021),
  164. M Noweir, “Radio over Fiber Transceiver’s Architectures for Wireless and Satellite Communications” (, 2021),
  165. M Samal, MV Kartik, S Arora and S Kaur, “Characterization of Millimeter Waves RoFSO Link Under the Effect of Rain”, Proceedings of International … (Springer, 2021),
  166. M Sharma and S Kakkar, “Performance Analysis of Mode Division Multiplexing Passive Optical Network Using Compressed Spectrum Return to Zero (CSRZ)”, Journal homepage: www. ijrpr. com ISSN (,
  167. M Singh and J Malhotra, “Performance investigation of a 3.84 Tb/s WDM-based FSO transmission system incorporating 3-D orthogonal modulation scheme”, Photonic Network Communications (Springer, 2021),
  168. M Singh and J Malhotra, “Development and Performance Investigation of a Single-Channel 160 Gbps Free Space Optics Transmission Link Using Higher Order Modulation Scheme”, Wireless Personal Communications (Springer, 2021),
  169. M Singh and J Malhotra, “Study of Spectral-Efficient 400 Gbps FSO Transmission Link Derived from Hybrid PDM-16-QAM With CO-OFDM”, Proceedings of the International … (, 2021),
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