Designing a fiber profile

The process of designing a new fiber usually starts by defining its profile. Click the
“Fiber Profile” icon in the Navigator pane or double-click the workspace or select the
“Fiber/Profile” menu item.

Currently two types of profiles are supported: refractive index profile and dopant
concentration profile. The “Select Profile Type” dialog box offers a choice between
them.

Optical Fiber - Select Profile Type

After that the “Fiber Profile” dialog box appears. In case the user has selected
refractive index profile type, it looks as shown:

Optical Fiber - Fiber Profile

To create a simple step-index fiber (similar to SMF-28) do the following steps:

Step Action
1 In the “Fiber Profile” dialog box, click the “Add” button twice to create two radial index regions: “Region 0” and “Region 1”. These two regions will represent the fiber core and cladding, respectively.
2 Select “Region 0” on the list and enter its Width value 4.15 microns, then select the “Profile” option as “Constant”, and enter the “Refr. Index” value 1.45213.
3 Press “Apply”.
4 Select “Region 1” on the list and enter its “Width” value 58.35, then select the “Profile” option “Constant”, and enter the “Refr. Index” value 1.44692.
5 Press “Apply”.
6 Enter the “Wavelength” value 1.3.
7 Press “Apply”.
8 Press “OK” to close the “Fiber Profile” dialog box.

You just designed a simple fiber profile that is shown at in the graph pane at the
bottom of the dialog box. The fiber profile is defined at the wavelength 1.3 microns.

If in “Select Profile Type” dialog box the user has selected “dopant concentration type”
then the ‘Fiber Profile” dialog box looks as shown:

Optical Fiber - Select Profile Type

The difference from the previous case is that now the user enters the values of the
molar concentration percentage of the dopant in the edit box where the refr. index
values were entered. This dialog box contains also an additional group of controls –
“Display” – allowing viewing of the profile as a refr. index or concentration type one,
and to color-code the regions. The latter feature is useful for distinguishing
neighboring regions: 1) having equal refr. indices but doped with different
concentrations of different materials, or 2) doped with equal concentrations of
different materials, thus having different refr. indices. The fiber shown in the picture
above is equivalent to the one in the previous picture.